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2018 Financial Literacy Survey

Each year, the NFCC’s Consumer Financial Literacy Survey provides a fresh look at the American consumer’s level of knowledge as it relates to financial literacy, as well as trends associated with personal finance behavior pertaining to retirement, savings, credit card debt, student loan debt and more.
 
The 2018 Consumer Financial Literacy Survey was conducted online within the United States by Harris Poll in March 2018 among 2,017 U.S. adults ages 18+ on behalf of the NFCC and is sponsored by BECU.
 

 
Snapshot of Key Findings
 
Timely Bill Payments
 
The survey reveals that one in four Americans admit they do not pay all their bills on time and nearly one in ten (8%) now have debts in collection, both showing a slight increase from last year.
 
Most notable are the financial struggles of women, namely those within the Millennial generation:

     

    • The increased proportion of adults who do not pay their bills on time is driven largely by women between the ages of 18 and 34.
    • Nearly two in five women in that age group (39%) do not pay their bills on time, making them more likely to be subjected to late fees and other penalty charges, which can have negative impacts on their financial health.

 

Overall Americans are Saving More Compared to Last Year
 
Nearly three in 10 adults (29%) are now saving more compared to one year ago, particularly Millennials (18-34) and young Gen Xers (35-44).
 
There was a significant increase in the proportion of adults using a 401k plan to save or invest their money (37% vs. 32% in 2017). Gen Xers, adults ages 35-44 (54%) and 45-54 (49%), are particularly likely to have a 401k, while adults age 55+ are more likely to have investments/mutual funds and invest in IRAs than their younger counterparts.
 
Barriers to Home Ownership
 
Almost half (49%) of the nearly four in five U.S. adults (79%) who have tried to purchase a home have faced barriers.
 
The pace of rising home prices in the United States is a top concern for potential homeowners.
 
Top 5 Barriers to Homeownership

     

  1. Rising home prices (18%)
  2. Spending Same or More (17%)
  3. Existing Debt (14%)
  4. Limited housing options within budget (14%)
  5. Poor credit history (13%)

 
Spending Same or More
 
About half of U.S. adults (51%) are now spending the same as last year, while about 1 in 4 each report they are now spending more (24%) or less (25%) than before.
 
Nearly 3 in 10 say they are saving more this year, a slight increase from last year (29% vs. 26% in 2017).
 
Credit Card Debt
 
The majority of US adults (61%) have had credit card debt in the past 12 months and nearly two in five (38%) carry such debt from month-to-month.
 
Most have done nothing to try to obtain a lower interest rate for their credit card debt.
 
Consumer Financial Literacy Survey Infographic
 

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More Resources
 
Read all of the Key Findings and the 2018 Survey Data Sheet
Read Press Release
View Past Financial Literacy Survey Data