Settling debts is not easy. Many individuals ask us for tips to settle credit card debt.
Settling your debts may be possible when a verifiable hardship exists, such as medical problems, unemployment, underemployment, divorce, or death of a family member. Recent credit card debt is more difficult to settle than other kinds of debt (medical debts in particular are generally a good candidate for settlement). The customer service representative at the credit card company or their debt collectors donâ€™t have much incentive to settle. Itâ€™s easier to negotiate once those debts have been charged off and sold to a debt collection agency, but by that point oneâ€™s credit has been severely damaged. Also, debts sold to a collection agency may later become time-barred, meaning there is a statute of limitations for collecting the debt. Be sure you understand your consumer rights before making payment arrangements on a time-barred debt as your actions couldÂ restart the clockÂ on the statute of limitations.
To try to settle credit card debt with the credit card company you can call or write them and offer a lump-sum amount to settle the outstanding debt, or arrange a workout agreement. A workout might help you get relief from certain fees, but in either case, your credit will be negatively impacted.
One option instead is to look at the possibility of signing up for a Debt Management Plan (DMP). This allows you to let a certified credit counselorÂ use a pre-negotiated payment agreement so you can avoid having to contact your creditor directly.
If youâ€™re going to try to negotiate alone, youâ€™ll probably have to be persistent. Creditors may say no at first, but will be more likely to agree after the situation deteriorates. They will only consider a settlement after itâ€™s clear that there is a problem and they might not ever collect any of the money you owe them.
Remember, settling debt may have negative tax consequences, and the settlement can impact your credit report.
Before approaching your creditor about a settlement consider a session with a certified credit counselor.Â You donâ€™t have to sign up for a DMP,Â just attend a credit counseling session to learn to create a budget and assess your financial situation. You may learn that there are better options than a settlement. If you are still determined to negotiate a settlement after you get counseling, then youâ€™ll have a good budget to work from so youâ€™ll know exactly what terms to ask for.
Melinda Opperman is Senior Vice President of Community Outreach & Industry Relations, Springboard Nonprofit Consumer Credit Management, Inc; and Executive Director, Springboard Education Foundation. Springboard Nonprofit Consumer Credit Management is a member of the National Foundation for Credit Counseling. To schedule an appointment with a certified financial counselor call 800.431.8157, or visit Springboardâ€™s website atÂ www.credit.org.
Views expressed are the personal views of the author, and do not represent the views of the National Foundation for Credit Counseling, its employees, its members, or its clients.