To help consumers measure their own financial stability, the National Foundation for Credit Counseling (NFCC) created the following Consumer Financial Stress Test based on the findings of the NFCC’s 2009 Consumer Financial Literacy Survey. Just as the banks are measuring their stability relative to their peers, see how your finances stack up relative to the rest of Americans.
Q: On a scale of A to F, what grade would you give yourself in terms of your knowledge about personal finance?
- Survey Results: It appears that many of us would not be moving to the front of the class, as 41 percent of U.S. adults, or more than 92 million people, gave themselves a grade of C, D or F on their knowledge of personal finance.
Q: Which best describes how you manage your money?
- Survey Results: Less than half, 42 percent, keep close track of their spending, with 7 percent, or nearly 16 million, admitting they don’t know how much they spend on food, housing, and entertainment, and do not monitor their overall spending.
Q: What best describes your financial situation?
- Survey Results: 26 percent, or more than 58 million adults, admit to not paying all of their bills on time, with 13 million admitting to having debts in collection, or are seriously considering filing for bankruptcy, or have done so in the last three years.
Q: In which ways did the terms of your mortgage turn out to be different than what you initially expected?
- Survey Results: 42 percent, or more than 94 million people currently have a mortgage. Of those, 28 percent say that the terms of their mortgage somehow turned out to be different, including either the payment amount or terms of the loan, the interest rate or its duration, or they had no knowledge of the required Private Mortgage Insurance.
Q: Do you have any savings excluding retirement?
- Survey Results: One-third of adults, close to 72 million people, report that they have no savings. Of those with no savings, more than one in four report that, if faced with an emergency, they would charge that expense to a credit card or take out a loan, thus adding to their debt load.
Q: What percentage of your household income do you save toward retirement?
- Survey Results: More than 74 million people do not put any part of their annual household income toward retirement.
Q: Have you ordered a copy of your credit report, and do you know your credit score?
- Survey Results: In spite of it being free, nearly two-thirds, or 144 million people, have not ordered a copy of their credit report in the past year. Additionally, more than one-third admit that the do not know their credit score.
Would your finances be viewed as being on solid ground, or would you be told to address some weak areas before receiving the stamp of approval? The test results reveal startling deficiencies related to financial stability. That’s the bad news. The good news is that tools are available for consumers to take control of their financial future, but it is up to the consumer to reach out for that help.